Introduction1890IsolationOne People, One Destiny?GoldConstitutional Conventions
The DebateSeparation for FederationThe DealThe VoteCommonwealth DayAftermath


"W.A. is a fraud - The curse of the country is gold, as sheep are the curse of the East. A more sordid, vulgar condition of things would be impossible to conceive. The old sand-gropers are the best to work for or to have dealings with. The Othersiders are cutting each others throats. W.A. is a huge camp of adventurers and failures."

Henry Lawson, Perth, 3 September 1896
Prospectors, 1895The discovery of gold in Western Australia was a long awaited and much anticipated event. Although there had been several small discoveries in the Kimberley in the late 1880s, the discovery of significant deposits of alluvial gold in Coolgardie (1892) and Kalgoorlie (1893) triggered a boom which broke more than six decades of economic stagnation.

Henry Lawson spent three months in Perth during 1896 before returning to the East when he ran out of money and optimism, never making it as far as the goldfields. He was just one of tens of thousands of t'othersiders who flocked to the West to find their fortunes. For most, all they found were hardships.

The miners of the goldfields were, for the most part, unhappy with the Forrest government in Perth. Individual representatives like Frederick Vosper gave voice to their grievances while the goldfields became a stronghold of the union movement - the West Australian Labor Party also had its origins in a conference held at Kalgoorlie in 1899.

Christmas, 1895For Western Australia, gold brought prosperity. Increased government revenues from licences, fees, tariffs and other taxes enabled Forrest to undertake major public works programs such as the supply of water to the goldfields and other regional areas. More importantly the boom brought much needed people to the colony. Once deposits of alluvial gold began to run out, miners settled in the colony providing labour for industries and settlers for new farming areas.
Most importantly the influx of immigrants brought with it new ideas and a sense of vibrancy, giving renewed vitality to the colony. From a population of 46,000 in 1890 the new State of Western Australia recorded a population of 180,000 in the first census of 1901.

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