Introduction1890IsolationOne People, One Destiny?GoldConstitutional Conventions
The DebateSeparation for FederationThe DealThe VoteCommonwealth DayAftermath

Identity 1900

Dragon dance, 1901

At the time of Federation most Western Australians saw themselves as British subjects first, as Western Australians second, and as Australians third. The creation of the new Commonwealth was not seen as an impediment to being an integral part of the British Empire - if anything the formation of a single Commonwealth Defence Force and other Australian institutions would strengthen and contribute to the defence of Empire.

Few Western Australians saw Federation as a radical break from Britain and the significance of creating a new nation was downplayed by many. As the Western Australian Federal League limply argued "federation makes us practically a self-governing nation".

Australian nationalism operated within the constraints of Imperial identity. As colonists, Australians were strangers in a strange land, holding on to a British identity in the face of the continent's indigenous people and their Asian neighbours. Little wonder that among the first actions of a fledgling nation were the exclusion and denial of its native inhabitants and the introduction of a White Australia Policy.

As in the other Australian colonies endemic racism, coupled with enthusiasm for the monarchy, were at the core of a Western Australian identity, which was further shaped by the colonists' sense of isolation.

Royal visit, 1901For t'othersiders living in the goldfields their emotional connection with the eastern colonies, and with Victoria in particular, found expression in the belief in an Australian identity. Among the sandgropers, a Western Australian identity was linked directly with ideas of Empire.

It is interesting that the enthusiastic celebrations surrounding the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York in 1901, who were oficially visiting Australia to open the inaugural Federal Parliament in Melbourne, make no reference to the Commonwealth. The Royal Visit was an Imperial and a Western Australian one.

LISWA home page site maphomebacknext

Please note: The content on this website is made available for archival purposes and may not meet the State Library of Western Australia's current standards for web accessibility, mobile device compatibility, historical accuracy and cultural sensitivity.