CRAVEN: I think Western Australia
is very different from the rest of Australia. Although I think in federations
- and you can see this in Canada to some extent too - countries that
really wish to believe they're very united as federations typically
overstress their unity. It's a psychological tendency to say we really
aren't that different because if we acknowledge that we were different
we might be acknowledging that we might break up.
So that in Australia typically it's that old joke that if you ask people
what they are they will tend to say Australians before New South Welshmen
or Victorians or Western Australian. The interesting thing that I found
over 20-odd years of teaching constitutional law is that if you probe
beneath that it falls apart very quickly. The simplest example of that
is if you ask a Victorian, what are you a Victorian or Australian he
will say an Australian. If you then say, "Tell me what symbolises
Australia to you?" he will start talking about the MCG and Wilson's
Promontory, whereas a New South Welshman will talk about the Sydney
Harbour. Their visions of Australia are highly local and in that sense
the West Australians perhaps less different than we might ordinarily
The real difference, I think, is in the degree of intensity of feeling.
I think Western Australians have a strong sense of difference and at
the end of the day it's a combination of physical separation. You can
talk about pains all you like but Western Australia is a long way away.
It's also I think a sense that their interests genuinely are different
from the rest of Australia and the interests of Western Australia in
terms of resources in culture are very different from Melbourne. In
saying that I don't think there is anything strange about Western Australia.
I taught for six months as a Professor at the University of British
Columbia in Vancouver and the province of British Columbia which occupies
an almost identical geographical political cultural position in Canada
as Western Australia does in Australia and the feeling is very, very
similar. But there's no doubt it's stronger here - I suppose in a sense
that Western Australia is constitutionally and physically and culturally
marginalised, and always will be.
CF Despite the fact that it contributes 27 percent to export?
CRAVEN: Almost because of the fact
that it contributes 27 percent for export. One of the funny things about
the Western Australian Secession Movement was that when I wrote a book
on it and researched it my initial reaction as a Victorian was very
much these people are crazy. How could anybody do this - this is like
Gilbert and Sullivan Opera. The interesting thing about that I remain
quite opposed to the idea of secession but having read the case of secession
and the case of the union and assessed the evidence, whatever view you
took of secession you had to say Western Australia had a very strong
case as to why it was being badly treated. In many ways that case hasn't
changed. Some ways it has, some ways it hasn't and certainly a sense
of disproportionate contribution is still there at present. There is
some evidence that it is correct.
Greg Craven, March 2000
[Battye Library, OH3016]